The word weltschmerz initially came into being as a by-product of the Romanticism movement in Europe of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The poets of the Romantic era were a notably gloomy bunch, unwilling or unable to adjust to those realities of the world that they perceived as threatening their right to personal freedom. The term was coined in German by the Romantic author Jean Paul (pseudonym of Johann Paul Friedrich Richter)

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